Friday, March 24, 2023

Gymnastics Basic Skills – Learn the Backflip, the Backward Roll, the Cartwheel, and the Split Leap


Gymnastics has a number of basic skills that you can learn and master if you are looking to take up gymnastics as a sport. These skills include the Backflip, the Backward roll, the Cartwheel, and the Split leaps. Learning the proper technique for each of these moves will help you progress in your gymnastics career.


The Backflip in gymnastics is a skill in which a gymnast flips themselves upside down and lands on their feet. The key to performing a backflip is to not let your heels touch the ground, to keep your legs and hips straight, and to keep your arms straight up and away from your body. It’s also important to keep your abdominals tight and your eyes straight forward while doing the flip.

The backflip is also known as the back-tuck, salto, or somi. It requires a full 360-degree rotation in the air and requires a great deal of strength and balance. Although it’s a difficult skill, it’s not impossible if you have the proper training. Before trying the backflip, you should learn to perform a back handspring.

There are many variations of the backflip, including the gainer, which involves landing on one leg and then kicking the other out. There’s also a variation called the flash kick, where the gymnast kicks out while performing the flip. Lastly, there’s the double backback, which is one of the most difficult variations. The double backback is performed on a tricking line and can be very difficult to execute. Other variations include kick the moon and the flyaway backflip.

In 2006, Travis Pastrana performed the first double backflip. He performed the trick at a Gravity Games competition in Providence, Rhode Island. The stunt was a success but he over-rotated during the landing and landed hard. The oldest person to perform a backflip is 94-year-old Walter Liesner.

Besides the backflip, trickers perform the standing backflip as well. The difference is the height of the backflip. Gymnasts usually do not compete in this skill. They focus on the flexibility and coordination of their legs. Unlike the trickers, the gymnasts rarely squat and do not do the stunts low to the ground.

Backward roll

The backward roll is an important gymnastics move that students must learn. It not only helps them fall safely, but it also helps them develop their strength and agility. The backward roll is best performed with a training aid. An incline wedge is often used in gymnastics practice to help the student achieve the correct starting position for the backward roll.

During the backward roll, the athlete must push off the floor with a strong push. The goal is to raise the body off the floor, allowing the hands to support the body. The roll should be controlled and the feet should be well ahead of the next roll. In addition, the shoulders and head should be pushed back, allowing the body to pop up higher and rotate farther.

Backward rolls require strong arm and abdominal muscles. It is important to keep the head and neck elevated to reduce pressure on the neck. Some gymnastics coaches advocate rolling in a straight line with most of the weight on the hands. These coaches are using a flawed logic and don’t know the proper way to do the skill.

The backward roll in gymnastics can be tricky, but it’s an essential skill in the sport. Practice this routine on a flat surface, with a spot designated by a coach. Make sure that the coach is close to the gymnast, and reach in to lift the gymnast’s hips as they roll over. It’s important not to push too hard, as this could result in neck injury.

The backward roll is similar to the forward roll, except that the gymnast starts in a standing position and then bends to a squatting position. Once the bottom of the gymnastic’s body is in the floor, they place their feet and continue the roll. In a gymnastic routine, the backward roll is a stepping stone to other more advanced skills, like the back extension roll or the back tuck. This movement is important for developing flexibility and strength.


The cartwheel is a sideways rotary movement of the body. Performing a cartwheel requires the performer to bring one of his or her hands to the floor, invert his or her body, travel with his or her legs over the body trunk, and then return each of the feet to the floor. After the cartwheel, the performer stands upright.

In order to perform a perfect cartwheel, the body mass should be distributed evenly between all parts of the body. For this reason, understanding the role of the arms and hip abduction is a crucial part of the cartwheel. Without this, the cartwheel will not be efficient. This is why learning to perform a cartwheel involves a lot of practice and a lot of preparation.

The most common problem with a cartwheel is that the hands and fingers do not stay straight while performing it. Keeping your hands and fingers straight while performing the cartwheel will help your body remain in position for a more precise motion. Another common problem with a cartwheel is reaching for it too early, bending the arms or legs during the skill, and not looking where you’re going. Fortunately, there are ways to overcome these problems and perform a perfect cartwheel.

To perform a proper cartwheel, you need to have basic equipment. A folding mat is useful and is available online. However, you can also use a different elevation if one is not available. Also, a line drawn on the floor using easy-to-remove tape or chalk is helpful in executing a straight cartwheel.

Full turn

The full turn in gymnastics is an essential skill to learn for many gymnasts. It’s low-risk and makes a big impact on a routine. It also requires a certain amount of experimentation to achieve the correct balance. Here are some tips to perfect your full turn. You’ll want to practice this skill as often as possible to become more confident and improve your performance.

The full turn is a complete 360-degree rotation around the vertical axis. This skill is used in floor and beam routines, and on the vault and dismount. Historically, the full turn was performed with one foot but can be performed with both arms and legs in various positions. In the modern era, full turns are becoming increasingly popular.

The first part of a full turn begins with a front walkover. This involves placing one foot on pointe, then lifting the other leg over the placed foot. The gymnast’s head should remain pointed in the direction of travel, while his or her arms should remain out of the way. The second half-turn is performed with both feet together. The first foot is then stepped out to begin the next half-turn.

Another technique for performing a full turn is the spotting technique. This technique involves periodic rapid head rotations, keeping the performer’s gaze fixed on a single point. This technique is vital in preventing dizziness during a turn and helps the performer maintain balance. This skill is also useful for directing the direction of travel.

The second part of the full turn requires the gymnast to develop strong body awareness and body control. It is an effective transition between movements, which adds interest to routines. It also requires strong body awareness, shape, and control. Gymnasts often use their arms for height and momentum. The lesson plan for a full turn in gymnastics routine is easy to create and implement with Twinkl Move. The lesson plans come with all the resources necessary to teach the skill. The program includes PowerPoint presentations, non-participation sheets, and assessment materials.


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